Credit agreements are usually written, but there is no legal reason why a credit agreement should not be a purely oral agreement (although oral agreements are more difficult to enforce). A mortgage loan agreement sets out the terms of the contract between a lender and a borrower. Once signed, the agreement gives the borrower access to the money. Such an agreement also gives the lender the right to take possession of the mortgaged property if the borrower does not pay the loan measurements. A mortgage loan agreement is a contract between a borrower (called Mortgagor) and the lender (called the mortgage borrower), which creates a right of pledge on the property to ensure the repayment of the loan. The mortgage loan agreement can also have a co-signer (the guarantor) who is a person who is co-responsible for repaying the loan in case of late payment of the loan. A guarantor is necessary if the income situation of the Mortgagor allows him not to guarantee a loan alone. For commercial banks and large financial firms, “credit agreements” are generally not categorized, although credit portfolios are often roughly divided into “personal” and “commercial” credits, while the “commercial” category is then divided into “industrial” and “commercial” credits. “Industrial” credits are those that depend on the cash flow and solvency of the company and the widgets or services it sells. “Commercial real estate” loans are those that repay loans, but this depends on the rental income paid by tenants who rent land, usually for long periods. There are more detailed categorizations of credit portfolios, but these are always variations around the major themes. A mortgage contract contains the contact details of the debtor and the mortgage lender, information about the property and any additional clauses that the debtor must comply with during the mortgage contract. The credit agreements of commercial banks, savings banks, financial companies, insurance companies and investment banks are very different and all have a different purpose.
“Commercial banks” and “savings banks”, because they accept deposits and benefit from FDIC insurance, generate credits that incorporate the concepts of “public trust”. Prior to intergovernmental banking, this “public trust” was easily measured by public banking supervisors, who were able to see how local deposits were used to finance the working capital needs of local industry and businesses and the benefits of using this organization. “Insurance institutions” that collect premiums for the provision of life or claims/accident insurance have established their own types of credit agreements. Credit agreements and documentation standards for “banks” and “insurances” were developed from their individual cultures and were governed by guidelines that addressed in one way or another the debts of each organization (in the case of “banks”, the liquidity needs of their depositors; in the case of insurance organizations, liquidity must be linked to their expected “claims” ). . .